Tuvalu – could it be the first country to disappear due to climate change?
October 20, 2011 § Leave a comment
In the second episode of ‘Thoughts of Boris ‘Bo’ Jr’
Juan and Boris have a telephone conversation about how climate change is affecting small low lying islands. Let’s find out what they say!
How do you think climate change can affect Tuvalu, the fourth smallest country in the world composed of little islands?
As you can imagine the predictions are not so good. Tuvalu, located in the Pacific Ocean between Hawaii and Australia, has a total land area of just 26Km2 and its highest elevation is just 5m above sea level. As its high tide mark is rising by 5 mm every year, native plants are being damaged by salt water. But rising sea levels is not the only issue, Tuvaluans also have to tackle high groundwater levels during periods of intense high rainfall, high incidences of water scarcity and prolonged drought. These days a state of emergency has been declared due to drought, it is been six months since the last rainfall and on top of this there is a decrease in the productivity of coral and lagoon fisheries.
And the question is: are they guilty for what they are going through? Of course not! They don’t emit carbon – or any insignificant amount compared to industrialized countries – but they are one of the most threatened by climate change. It is not fair that because of countries such as United States, China, Australia or United Kingdom, to name just a few, don’t want to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, people in Tuvalu are losing their traditional lifestyle and will be forced to migrate. And it will happen in the near future because according to the experts, the country will be uninhabitable by the year 2050.
If you are interested in learning more about Tuvalu, I invite you to see this video:
So if you would like to do something to help reduce global CO2 emissions, then one simple way to do this is to become a part of the bloomtrigger project and help to protect your own part of the Amazon rainforest in Peru.
By Juan Mateo Perrote